Chlamydial infection of the lower genitourinary tract is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. The infection is usually spread through sexual contact and is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections.
Chlamydial infection of the lower genitourinary tract is usually diagnosed through a laboratory test, such as a urine or swab sample. The sample is tested for the presence of Chlamydia trachomatis antigens.
Chlamydial infection of the lower genitourinary tract should be differentiated from sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis and trichomoniasis. It should also be differentiated from other conditions that can cause similar symptoms, such as urinary tract infection and pelvic inflammatory disease.
Treatment for chlamydial infection of the lower genitourinary tract usually consists of antibiotics. Commonly prescribed antibiotics include azithromycin, doxycycline and erythromycin.
The prognosis for chlamydial infection of the lower genitourinary tract is usually good, with most individuals responding well to treatment. However, it is important to note that reinfection is possible if sexual partners are not also treated.