Acute miliary tuberculosis is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria, which is spread through inhalation of infected droplets from the air.
Diagnosis of acute miliary tuberculosis is usually made through a combination of physical examination, chest X-ray, sputum analysis, and tuberculin skin test.
Differential diagnosis for acute miliary tuberculosis include other bacterial and viral respiratory infections, such as bronchitis, pneumonia, and influenza.
Treatment of acute miliary tuberculosis typically involves a combination of antibiotics, such as isoniazid, rifampicin, and streptomycin. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove affected tissues.
The prognosis for acute miliary tuberculosis is generally good with treatment, however, it can be fatal if left untreated.