Acute rheumatic endocarditis is a rare condition caused by the inflammation of the heart valves due to an infection. It is usually caused by a Streptococcus bacteria, which can be spread through contact with an infected person or contaminated food or water.
Diagnosis of acute rheumatic endocarditis is typically done through physical examination, blood tests, echocardiogram, and imaging tests such as X-ray or MRI. The doctor may also order a culture of the heart valves to identify the bacteria causing the infection.
Differential diagnosis of acute rheumatic endocarditis includes infective endocarditis, bacterial myocarditis, viral myocarditis, ischemic heart disease, and congestive heart failure.
Treatment for acute rheumatic endocarditis includes antibiotics to treat the infection and anti-inflammatory medications to reduce the inflammation of the heart valves. Surgery may be necessary in some cases.
The prognosis for acute rheumatic endocarditis is generally good with prompt diagnosis and proper treatment. Most patients can recover fully with proper treatment and follow-up care. However, untreated or severe cases may lead to serious complications such as heart failure or death.