Other specified trachoma is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is usually transmitted through direct contact with the eyes, nose, or throat of an infected person. It can also be transmitted through contact with contaminated objects, such as towels, bedding, and other items.
Diagnosis of other specified trachoma is usually made through a physical examination or laboratory testing. Tests such as a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test may be used to detect the presence of the bacteria in the eye.
Other conditions that may need to be considered in the differential diagnosis include herpes simplex virus, bacterial conjunctivitis, adenoviral conjunctivitis, and other causes of conjunctival inflammation.
Treatment of other specified trachoma typically involves the use of antibiotics such as doxycycline or tetracycline. These medications are usually taken for up to three weeks to treat the infection. In some cases, topical eye drops may also be used to reduce inflammation.
Most people who are diagnosed with other specified trachoma respond well to treatment. However, if the infection is not properly treated, it can lead to long-term complications, such as scarring of the cornea which can cause vision problems.