Alkhurma haemorrhagic fever (AHF) is a viral haemorrhagic fever caused by Alkhurma virus, a member of the Bunyaviridae family. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes, usually from the Aedes species. Outbreaks typically occur in rural areas in the Middle East, particularly in Saudi Arabia.
Diagnosis of AHF is confirmed through laboratory testing. The virus can be detected in blood or tissue samples through polymerase chain reaction or serology.
Other viral haemorrhagic fevers must be ruled out when diagnosing AHF, including dengue fever, yellow fever, and Rift Valley fever.
There is no specific treatment for AHF, but supportive care is recommended. This includes fluid and electrolyte management, oxygen therapy, and other supportive measures.
The prognosis for AHF is generally good, with most patients recovering within a few weeks. However, severe cases may have long-term complications, including neurologic and renal impairment.