Parvovirus infection is caused by infection with a group of viruses known as the Parvoviridae. These viruses are highly contagious and can cause various illnesses, including Parvovirus B19, the most common and best-known strain.
Parvovirus infection is usually diagnosed by a combination of physical examination, laboratory tests and imaging studies. Blood tests can be used to detect the virus, while imaging studies such as X-rays and CT scans may be used to detect any associated complications.
Differential diagnosis for Parvovirus infection includes other viral infections such as influenza, measles, and rubella; bacterial infections such as strep throat and mononucleosis; and autoimmune disorders such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.
Treatment for Parvovirus infection depends on the severity and type of infection, but may include antiviral medications, antibiotics, and other supportive measures. In some cases, the infection may resolve on its own.
The prognosis for Parvovirus infection depends on the severity of the infection and the underlying medical condition. Most mild cases of Parvovirus infection usually resolve without any long-term effects, while more severe cases can cause complications such as anemia, joint pain, and chronic fatigue.