Gambiense trypanosomiasis is an infection caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, which is transmitted through the bite of an infected tsetse fly.
Diagnosis of Gambiense trypanosomiasis is usually made through blood tests or by examining a sample of cerebrospinal fluid.
Differential diagnosis may include malaria, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, filariasis, and other parasitic infections.
Treatment of Gambiense trypanosomiasis may include a combination of antibiotics, antifungal medications, antiparasitic medications, and other medications.
The prognosis for Gambiense trypanosomiasis is generally good with prompt treatment. Left untreated, it can be fatal.