Necatoriasis is an infection caused by the Necator americanus hookworm, which is transmitted through contact with contaminated soil. It can also be transmitted through contact with an infected person, either directly or through objects, such as bedding and clothing.
Necatoriasis is typically diagnosed through a physical exam and laboratory testing. The most common laboratory test used to diagnose Necatoriasis is a fecal test, which can detect the presence of eggs in the stool.
Necatoriasis should be differentiated from other intestinal parasites, such as Ascaris lumbricoides, Ancylostoma duodenale, and Strongyloides stercoralis.
Necatoriasis can be treated with a course of deworming medications, such as albendazole or mebendazole. Antibiotics may also be prescribed to treat any secondary bacterial infections.
The prognosis for Necatoriasis is generally good with prompt and appropriate treatment. Most people will recover fully without any long-term complications.