The exact cause of endometrial stromal sarcoma is unknown. It is believed to be related to hormone levels, especially estrogen.
Endometrial stromal sarcoma is typically diagnosed with imaging studies such as MRI or CT scans, and a biopsy of the affected tissue.
Endometrial stromal sarcoma can be confused with endometrial carcinoma, leiomyosarcoma, and adenomyosis.
Treatment for endometrial stromal sarcoma typically includes surgery to remove the tumor, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
The prognosis for endometrial stromal sarcoma depends on the stage of the tumor. Early-stage tumors have a better prognosis than later-stage tumors.