Malignant neoplasms of the palate can arise from any of the structures in the palate including the soft palate, hard palate, and uvula. The primary cause is unknown but it may be associated with smoking, alcohol abuse, previous radiation therapy, and certain genetic syndromes.
Diagnosis of malignant neoplasms of the palate typically involves a physical exam, imaging tests (CT scan, MRI, PET scan), biopsy, and endoscopy.
Differential diagnosis of malignant neoplasms of the palate may include other cancers, benign tumors, infections, inflammatory processes, and congenital anomalies.
Treatment of malignant neoplasms of the palate depends on the type, size, and location of the tumor. Options may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these.
The prognosis of malignant neoplasms of the palate is variable and depends on the type, size, and location of the tumor as well as the patient’s overall health. In general, the earlier the diagnosis, the better the prognosis.