2C28/C38 Malignant neoplasms of heart, mediastinum or non-mesothelioma of pleura

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Aetiology

Malignant neoplasms of the heart, mediastinum, or non-mesothelioma of the pleura are caused by the abnormal growth of cells in these areas. Risk factors for these types of cancer include radiation exposure, family history of cancer, and exposure to environmental toxins.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of malignant neoplasms of the heart, mediastinum, or non-mesothelioma of the pleura is made through a combination of imaging tests, biopsies, and other laboratory tests. Imaging tests like MRI, CT, and PET scans may be used to detect the tumor and its extent. Biopsies can be performed to determine the type of cancer. Other laboratory tests such as blood and urine tests may be used to evaluate the patient’s general health.

Differential diagnosis

Differential diagnosis of malignant neoplasms of the heart, mediastinum, or non-mesothelioma of the pleura includes conditions such as benign tumors, infection, and inflammation of the chest area.

Treatment

Treatment for malignant neoplasms of the heart, mediastinum, or non-mesothelioma of the pleura depends on the type and stage of the cancer. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy.

Prognosis

The prognosis for malignant neoplasms of the heart, mediastinum, or non-mesothelioma of the pleura depends on the type and stage of the cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health. Early detection and prompt treatment can improve the prognosis.

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