The exact cause of squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva is unknown. However, it is believed that exposure to ultraviolet radiation and chronic irritation or inflammation of the eye can increase risk.
Squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva is typically diagnosed through a physical examination by an ophthalmologist. During the exam, the doctor will look for any changes in the color or shape of the eye. A biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
Other eye conditions that may be confused with squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva include pterygium, pinguecula, and conjunctivitis.
Treatment for squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva typically involves surgical removal of the affected tissue. Other treatment options may include topical chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or laser therapy.
The prognosis for squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva is generally good if the tumor is detected early and treated appropriately. However, if left untreated, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body and become more difficult to treat.