Follicular carcinoma of the thyroid gland is a rare type of cancer that occurs when cells in the thyroid gland become malignant. It is most common in people aged 40 and older, and is more common in women than men.
Follicular carcinoma of the thyroid gland is typically diagnosed using imaging tests, such as CT scan and MRI, to detect any abnormal growths. A biopsy of the affected area is also taken to confirm the diagnosis.
Differential diagnoses for follicular carcinoma of the thyroid include other thyroid cancers, such as papillary and medullary carcinoma, as well as benign conditions such as thyroid nodules and goiter.
Treatment for follicular carcinoma of the thyroid typically involves surgery to remove the affected area of the thyroid, as well as any nearby lymph nodes. Additional treatments may include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy.
The prognosis for follicular carcinoma of the thyroid is generally good, as long as it is detected and treated in its early stages. If the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, the prognosis can be more serious.