The exact cause of malignant neoplasms of the adrenal gland is unknown. However, there is evidence to suggest that genetics and environmental factors, such as exposure to certain chemicals, may play a role in the development of these tumors.
Diagnosis of malignant neoplasms of the adrenal gland is typically made by imaging studies, such as CT or MRI scans, as well as laboratory tests to measure hormone levels in the blood.
Differential diagnosis for malignant neoplasms of the adrenal gland includes benign tumors, such as adenomas, and other cancers, such as lymphoma.
Treatment for malignant neoplasms of the adrenal gland typically consists of surgery to remove the tumor, as well as chemotherapy or radiation therapy to destroy any remaining cancer cells.
The prognosis for malignant neoplasms of the adrenal gland is generally good with treatment. However, the prognosis will depend on the size and stage of the tumor at the time of diagnosis.