Acquired iron deficiency anaemia is caused by a decreased intake of iron. This can be caused by a variety of factors including poor dietary habits, inadequate absorption of iron, or increased iron loss.
Diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia is usually based on a complete medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests. The laboratory tests used to diagnose iron deficiency anaemia include a complete blood count and ferritin level.
Differential diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia includes other causes of anaemia such as thalassemia, vitamin B12 deficiency, folate deficiency, and other nutritional deficiencies.
Treatment of iron deficiency anaemia includes iron supplementation, dietary changes, and in some cases, blood transfusions. Iron supplementation can be in the form of oral iron tablets, intravenous iron infusions, or intramuscular iron injections.
The prognosis for iron deficiency anaemia is good if it is treated promptly. With proper treatment, most people with iron deficiency anaemia can expect to make a full recovery.