Acquired haemolytic anaemia, immune is caused by an autoimmune process where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys its own red blood cells. It can be caused by a variety of things, such as infections, medications, or an underlying autoimmune disorder.
Diagnosis of acquired haemolytic anaemia, immune is typically made through a combination of physical examination, blood tests, and imaging tests. Blood tests may reveal a low red blood cell count, low haemoglobin, and elevated reticulocyte count. Other blood tests, such as a direct antiglobulin test, can be used to further confirm the diagnosis.
Differential diagnosis for acquired haemolytic anaemia, immune includes other causes of anaemia, such as iron deficiency anaemia, aplastic anaemia, and thalassemia.
Treatment for acquired haemolytic anaemia, immune typically involves immunosuppressive medications to reduce the immune response and decrease red blood cell destruction. In some cases, a blood transfusion may be needed to replenish red blood cells.
The prognosis for acquired haemolytic anaemia, immune is typically good if the underlying cause can be identified and treated. With proper treatment, most patients make a full recovery and have no long-term complications.