5A72.Z/E26 Hyperaldosteronism, unspecified

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Aetiology

Hyperaldosteronism, unspecified is a disorder caused by an increase in the amount of the hormone aldosterone in the body. It is caused by a variety of conditions including primary hyperaldosteronism, secondary hyperaldosteronism, and glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of hyperaldosteronism, unspecified is based on a combination of clinical symptoms, laboratory tests, and imaging studies. Clinical symptoms can include high blood pressure, headaches, muscle cramps, and fatigue. The laboratory tests include measurements of serum electrolytes and plasma aldosterone levels. Imaging studies such as MRI, CT scan, and ultrasound can help to identify the underlying cause of the condition.

Differential diagnosis

Differential diagnosis of hyperaldosteronism, unspecified includes other conditions that can cause an increase in aldosterone such as Cushing’s syndrome, pheochromocytoma, and Conn’s syndrome.

Treatment

Treatment of hyperaldosteronism, unspecified is based on the underlying cause of the condition. If the cause is primary hyperaldosteronism, treatment may include medications to reduce aldosterone levels or surgery to remove the adrenal gland. If the cause is secondary hyperaldosteronism, treatment may include medications or surgery to treat the underlying condition.

Prognosis

The prognosis for hyperaldosteronism, unspecified depends on the underlying cause of the condition. Generally, the prognosis is good if the underlying cause can be treated successfully. However, if the underlying cause is not treatable, the prognosis may be more guarded.

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