Recurrent depressive disorder is a type of depression that occurs in episodes over time. The causes of recurrent depressive disorder are not fully understood but may be related to a combination of biological, environmental, and psychological factors such as a family history of depression, stress, and traumatic events.
Recurrent depressive disorder is typically diagnosed using the DSM-5 criteria, which includes symptoms of depressed mood, loss of interest, decreased energy, changes in appetite, sleep disturbances, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, problems with concentration, and thoughts of death or suicide.
Differential diagnosis of recurrent depressive disorder includes other mental health disorders such as bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, and substance use disorders.
Treatment for recurrent depressive disorder should be tailored to the individual and may include psychotherapy, medication, lifestyle changes, and self-care strategies. Psychotherapy such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may be helpful in managing symptoms and developing coping skills. Medication may be prescribed to help manage symptoms.
The prognosis for recurrent depressive disorder is generally good with appropriate treatment. The majority of people with recurrent depressive disorder can manage their symptoms with a combination of psychotherapy, medication, and lifestyle changes.