The exact cause of Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is not known, however it is thought to be a combination of biological and environmental factors. Genetic predisposition, early childhood trauma, and life stressors may all contribute to the development of GAD.
A diagnosis of GAD is usually made by a mental health professional after a detailed assessment. The assessment looks at the signs and symptoms of GAD, as well as any potential contributing factors.
It is important to distinguish GAD from other similar conditions, such as panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Treatment for GAD can include cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, medications, and lifestyle changes. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the most commonly used treatment for GAD and involves helping the patient identify and modify cognitive and behavioral patterns that contribute to their anxiety.
The prognosis for GAD is generally positive. With appropriate treatment, most people are able to reduce their symptoms and improve their quality of life. It is important to note, however, that GAD is a chronic condition, and symptoms may return if treatment is stopped.