The aetiology of harmful pattern of use of cocaine, episodic is not fully understood, but is believed to be related to an underlying vulnerability, such as impulsivity and a lack of impulse control, stress, or environmental factors.
Diagnosis of harmful pattern of use of cocaine, episodic is based on a comprehensive clinical evaluation, including a detailed history and physical examination, laboratory tests, and psychological assessment.
Differential diagnosis for harmful pattern of use of cocaine, episodic includes other substance use disorders, psychiatric disorders, and medical conditions.
Treatment for harmful pattern of use of cocaine, episodic may involve pharmacological interventions, such as medications to reduce cravings and manage withdrawal symptoms, as well as cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, and other psychotherapy approaches.
The prognosis of harmful pattern of use of cocaine, episodic is variable, and depends on the individual’s underlying vulnerability, the severity of the disorder, and the effectiveness of treatment.