Non-congenital central hypoventilation with hypothalamic abnormalities is a rare neurological disorder caused by a malfunction in the hypothalamus. This dysfunction is typically seen in individuals with brain stem or hypothalamic abnormalities, such as tumors or stroke.
To diagnose non-congenital central hypoventilation with hypothalamic abnormalities, a physician will typically order tests to assess the patient’s respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, heart rate, and blood pressure. An electroencephalogram (EEG) may also be used to detect any abnormal brain wave activity.
Differential diagnosis for non-congenital central hypoventilation with hypothalamic abnormalities may include other neurological disorders, such as sleep apnea, COPD, and asthma.
Treatment for non-congenital central hypoventilation with hypothalamic abnormalities may include the use of ventilators, oxygen therapy, and medications to manage symptoms. Surgery may be required to remove any tumors or other abnormalities from the hypothalamus.
The prognosis for non-congenital central hypoventilation with hypothalamic abnormalities is typically poor, though with proper treatment, individuals can achieve some improvement in their condition.