Sleep-related hypoventilation or hypoxemia disorders, unspecified is a condition that is caused by an imbalance between ventilation and oxygenation of the body during sleep. It is often associated with conditions such as obesity, neuromuscular disorders, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and central apnea.
The diagnosis of this condition is made through a combination of patient history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests such as polysomnography and pulse oximetry.
Differential diagnoses can include sleep apnea, asthma, pulmonary hypertension, and other sleep-related breathing disorders.
Treatment of this condition is aimed at restoring balance between ventilation and oxygenation. This is usually done through lifestyle changes such as weight loss, avoiding alcohol and tobacco, and increasing exercise. Medications can also be used to help restore balance.
With proper treatment, the prognosis is usually good. However, it is important to follow up with regular visits to a physician to ensure that the condition is being managed properly.