Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder characterized by an uncomfortable sensation in the legs, which causes an urge to move them in order to relieve the sensation. The cause of RLS is unknown, but it is thought to be linked to genetic and environmental factors.
Diagnosis of RLS is based on a patient’s history and physical exam. A doctor may also order blood tests to look for any underlying medical conditions that may be contributing to the symptoms of RLS.
Differential diagnosis for RLS includes other neurological disorders such as peripheral neuropathy, muscle cramps, and sleep deprivation.
Treatment for RLS depends on the severity of the symptoms. Mild cases of RLS may be managed with lifestyle changes such as exercise, stress reduction, and sleep hygiene. Medications such as iron supplements, dopamine agonists, and benzodiazepines may be prescribed to help reduce the symptoms of RLS.
The prognosis for RLS is generally good with proper treatment. Most people with RLS can manage their symptoms and live a normal life.