Other specified disorders of arousal from non-REM sleep are thought to be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic predisposition, environmental stressors, and sleep deprivation.
Diagnosis of other specified disorders of arousal from non-REM sleep is typically done through a physical examination, sleep study, and questionnaires asking about sleep pattern, quality, and duration.
Differential diagnosis is necessary to differentiate between other specified disorders of arousal from non-REM sleep and other sleep-related disorders. These other disorders include narcolepsy, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, and insomnia.
Treatment typically includes lifestyle modifications, such as avoiding caffeine or alcohol before bed and establishing a consistent bedtime routine. Medications such as benzodiazepines or nonbenzodiazepines can be used to aid in relaxation and sleep.
Prognosis for other specified disorders of arousal from non-REM sleep is generally good with treatment. However, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and follow treatment plans to reduce the risk of recurrence.