8A4Z/G35-G37 Multiple sclerosis or other white matter disorders, unspecified



The exact cause of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is unknown, but it is believed that genetic and environmental factors play a role. MS is thought to be an autoimmune disorder, which means that the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. It is unclear why this happens, but it is thought to be related to certain genetic and environmental factors, such as smoking, sunlight exposure, and certain viruses.


MS is usually diagnosed based on a combination of clinical signs and symptoms, physical examination, and laboratory tests. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is often used to confirm the diagnosis, as it can detect lesions associated with MS. Other tests, such as evoked potentials, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, and blood tests, may also be used to confirm the diagnosis.

Differential diagnosis

Differential diagnosis for MS includes other autoimmune conditions, such as lupus, as well as other white matter disorders, such as leucoencephalopathy and vascular encephalopathy. It is important to rule out other potential causes of the symptoms, such as stroke or tumor, as these will require different treatments.


The main goal of treatment is to reduce the number and severity of relapses and to slow the progression of the disease. Treatment of MS may involve medications to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system, physical and occupational therapy, and lifestyle changes to manage symptoms.


The prognosis for MS depends on the type of MS and the severity of the disease. Generally, MS is not a fatal disease, and most people with MS are able to live a relatively normal life. However, the disease can cause fatigue, mobility problems, and cognitive problems, which can be disabling in some cases.

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