The cause of epilepsy or seizures is often unclear and can be due to a variety of factors including genetic predisposition, head trauma, stroke, brain tumors, infections, and metabolic disorders.
Diagnosis of epilepsy or seizures is based on a medical history, physical examination, neurologic examination, and laboratory tests. It may also include an electroencephalogram (EEG) to measure electrical activity in the brain.
Differential diagnosis of epilepsy or seizures includes other neurological conditions such as migraine, transient ischemic attack, syncope, and psychogenic events.
Treatment of epilepsy or seizures can include medications, dietary changes, and/or surgery.
The prognosis of epilepsy or seizures depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the condition. It is important to remember that many people with epilepsy or seizures can lead a normal life with proper management and treatment.