Other specified cerebral ischaemia is caused by a reduced supply of blood to the brain, resulting in decreased oxygen and nutrient supply. It is most commonly caused by narrowed or blocked arteries, a clot in an artery, or a disruption of the flow of blood through an artery.
Diagnosis is typically based on a physical exam, as well as imaging tests such as an MRI or CT scan. These tests can help to identify any areas of the brain that are not receiving adequate blood flow.
Other specified cerebral ischaemia can be difficult to differentiate from other conditions such as stroke, transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and cerebral infarction. It is important to rule out these other conditions in order to ensure an accurate diagnosis.
Treatment for other specified cerebral ischaemia is typically focused on improving blood flow to the brain. This may include medications to reduce inflammation and improve blood flow, or surgery to open or bypass blocked arteries.
The prognosis for other specified cerebral ischaemia is generally positive. With proper treatment, most people can make a full recovery and return to normal activities. However, in some cases, the condition can lead to permanent disability or even death.