Spastic cerebral palsy is a condition that is caused by damage to the brain that occurs before, during, or after birth. The exact cause of the damage is often unknown, but it is generally believed to be due to a lack of oxygen to the brain or an infection during pregnancy.
Spastic cerebral palsy is usually diagnosed by a combination of physical and neurological examinations, as well as imaging tests such as an MRI or CT scan. A doctor may also order an electroencephalogram (EEG) to measure electrical activity in the brain.
Spastic cerebral palsy must be differentiated from other conditions with similar symptoms such as muscular dystrophy, Down Syndrome, and autism.
Treatment for spastic cerebral palsy is focused on improving mobility, function, and quality of life. Treatment may include physical and occupational therapy, medications, and in some cases, surgery.
The prognosis for individuals with spastic cerebral palsy is variable and depends on the severity of the condition. In many cases, individuals with spastic cerebral palsy can lead active and productive lives with the help of supportive treatments and therapies.