Autonomic nervous system disorders due to infection are caused by a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. The most common cause of autonomic nervous system disorders due to infection is viral infection. Viral infections are typically acquired through contact with an infected individual, ingestion of contaminated food or water, or inhalation of contaminated air.
Diagnosis of autonomic nervous system disorder due to infection can be made based on the patient’s history and physical examination, as well as laboratory tests to detect the presence of a microorganism. In some cases, imaging tests may be performed to assess the extent of the infection.
Differential diagnosis of autonomic nervous system disorder due to infection may include other conditions that cause similar symptoms, such as multiple system atrophy, Guillain-Barré syndrome, amyloidosis, and paraneoplastic syndromes.
Treatment of autonomic nervous system disorder due to infection depends on the causative microorganism and may include antibiotics, antiviral medications, antifungal medications, or antiparasitic medications. In some cases, supportive care such as rest, hydration, and nutrition may be necessary.
The prognosis of autonomic nervous system disorder due to infection depends on the organism causing the infection and the severity of the infection. In general, most patients with mild to moderate infections make a full recovery with appropriate treatment. However, in severe cases, permanent damage or death may occur.