Cicatricial ectropion of the eyelid is a condition in which the lower eyelid turns outwards, away from the eye, due to scarring of the eyelid tissue. This can be caused by a variety of conditions, including burns, chemical injuries, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, trachoma, and radiation therapy.
Cicatricial ectropion of the eyelid can be diagnosed based on a physical examination and medical history. The doctor will look for signs of scarring on the eyelid and examine the eye for any other signs of injury or infection.
Other conditions that may be mistaken for cicatricial ectropion of the eyelid include age-related ectropion, involutional ectropion, mechanical ectropion, and progressive eyelid laxity.
Treatment for cicatricial ectropion of the eyelid is typically surgical. The goal of surgery is to restore the normal position and function of the eyelid. This may include grafting, tarsorrhaphy, or other reconstructive techniques.
The prognosis for cicatricial ectropion of the eyelid is generally good. With proper treatment, most people can restore their normal eyelid function and appearance.