Burns occur as a result of exposure to heat, electricity, radiation, chemicals or ultraviolet light.
The diagnosis of a burn is based on the history, physical examination and imaging tests (e.g. x-ray, ultrasound, CT scan) to assess the extent and depth of the burn.
Differential diagnosis of a burn may include frostbite, sunburn, trauma, allergic reaction, skin infection or radiation dermatitis.
Treatment for a burn depends on the type and severity of the burn. Minor burns typically heal without medical treatment, but more severe burns may require hospitalization and wound care. Treatment may include antibiotics, ointments, dressings, topical medications and/or surgery.
The prognosis of a burn depends on the severity of the burn and the promptness of treatment. Minor burns typically heal without complications, but more severe burns can lead to infection, scarring, and, in some cases, death.