A contusion of the scalp is caused by direct blunt force trauma to the scalp, such as a blow to the head.
A contusion of the scalp can be diagnosed by a physical examination of the scalp and a neurological assessment.
Differential diagnoses for a contusion of the scalp include a concussion, scalp laceration, or a skull fracture.
Treatment for a contusion of the scalp typically includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) of the affected area. Pain medication and antibiotics may also be prescribed.
The prognosis for a contusion of the scalp is generally good, although the area may be tender or painful for several weeks. In some cases, a contusion may result in a scar or permanent deformity.