Superficial injury of the eyelid or periocular area is often caused by trauma, such as a direct blow to the eye area, or contact with a foreign object.
A physical examination of the eye area can help to diagnose a superficial injury. The doctor may look for signs of bruising, swelling, redness, or cuts.
It is important to consider other possible causes of eye injury such as infections, tumors, or chemical burns.
Treatment will depend on the severity of the injury. In most cases, the doctor will recommend rest and the application of cold compresses or ice to reduce swelling and pain. For more serious injuries, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics or surgery.
Generally, superficial injuries of the eyelid or periocular area have a good prognosis with proper treatment. In some cases, the injury may lead to permanent scarring or disfigurement.