Abrasion of the eyelid or periocular area is usually caused by blunt trauma to the eye, such as a foreign object or a fingernail. It can also be caused by chemical burns, thermal burns, or even infection.
Abrasions of the eyelid or periocular area are usually diagnosed by a physical exam, including a slit lamp examination of the affected area. A complete ocular examination should also be done to rule out any other eye injuries.
Differential diagnosis of abrasion of the eyelid or periocular area includes corneal abrasion, chemical burn, thermal burn, and infection.
Treatment for abrasion of the eyelid or periocular area includes cleaning the area with a sterile saline solution and applying a topical antibiotic ointment. Analgesics may also be prescribed to reduce discomfort. Patching the eye may be necessary to protect the area and allow it to heal.
The prognosis for abrasion of the eyelid or periocular area is usually good, as most cases heal without complications within a few days. However, more severe cases may require additional treatment and may not heal as quickly.