Fracture of the vault of the skull is caused by a direct blow or high-velocity impact to the head, such as in a motor vehicle accident or a fall from a height. It can also be caused by a gunshot wound.
Fracture of the vault of the skull is usually diagnosed with a physical exam and imaging tests such as a CT scan or MRI.
Other conditions that can cause similar symptoms include concussion, subdural hematoma, and epidural hematoma.
Treatment for a skull fracture may include rest, medications for pain or swelling, and surgery to realign or repair the skull.
Most patients with fractures of the skull make a full recovery, although there can be complications such as infection or persistent neurological deficits.