Strain or sprain of carpal joint is usually caused by overuse, repetitive motions, or trauma. It can also be caused by a sudden forceful movement of the wrist, or a fall onto an outstretched hand.
Diagnosis of a strain or sprain of carpal joint is often made through physical examination, including assessment of range of motion and tenderness at the site of the injury. X-rays may be ordered to rule out fractures or other sources of pain.
Other causes of wrist pain include carpal tunnel syndrome, tendinitis, arthritis, and nerve entrapment.
Treatment of a strain or sprain of carpal joint typically involves rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) to reduce swelling and pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be prescribed to help manage pain and inflammation. Physical therapy may be prescribed to help restore range of motion and strength. In more severe cases, immobilization of the joint may be necessary.
The prognosis for a strain or sprain of carpal joint depends on the severity of the injury and the amount of treatment received. In most cases, complete recovery is expected with proper treatment.