Fracture of the upper epiphysis of femur is usually caused by a direct traumatic event, such as a fall or motor vehicle accident. It can also occur with a twisting or forced rotation of the femur.
Fracture of the upper epiphysis of femur can be diagnosed through physical examination, X-rays, CT scans, or MRI. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and deformity of the affected limb.
Other conditions that can cause similar symptoms include stress fractures, osteomyelitis, avascular necrosis, and bone tumors.
Treatment of a fracture of the upper epiphysis of femur typically involves immobilization of the affected limb in a cast or brace to allow for healing. Surgery may be necessary for more severe fractures or for those that are not responding to conservative treatment.
The prognosis for a fracture of the upper epiphysis of femur is generally good. Most fractures can heal with proper treatment and rehabilitation. Complications may include infection, joint stiffness, and chronic pain.