Intracapsular fracture of femur is a type of fracture of the femur bone that occurs within or near the hip joint. This usually happens after a high-energy trauma such as a car accident or fall.
Intracapsular fractures of the femur are typically diagnosed with an X-ray. Other imaging tests such as MRI or CT scans may be used to assess the extent of the injury and detect any associated soft tissue damage.
Other hip fractures, such as intertrochanteric fractures, can mimic the symptoms of an intracapsular fracture of the femur.
Intracapsular fractures of the femur are typically treated with surgical repair. This can involve the insertion of metal screws and plates to hold the bone fragments in place. Physical therapy may be recommended to help strengthen the leg and restore range of motion.
Intracapsular fractures of the femur typically have a good prognosis. Most patients regain full use of the hip joint although there is usually some residual pain and stiffness.