Lacerations of the femoral artery are caused by penetrating trauma, such as a gunshot wound, a fall onto a sharp object, or a deep cut with a sharp object.
The diagnosis of laceration of the femoral artery is made based on physical examination and imaging studies, such as X-rays, CT scans and angiography. The physical examination will reveal a wound in the groin area, which may be accompanied by bruising, swelling, and bleeding. The imaging studies will show the extent of the laceration and the involvement of the adjacent structures.
The differential diagnosis of laceration of the femoral artery includes other causes of groin trauma, such as hematoma, contusion, or fracture.
Treatment of laceration of the femoral artery is surgical repair of the artery. This involves suturing the edges of the laceration together and restoring normal blood flow. In some cases, a bypass graft may be necessary.
The prognosis for patients with laceration of the femoral artery is generally good if the repair is successful and blood flow is restored. However, there is a risk of infection, scarring, and damage to the adjacent structures.