Strain or sprain of the muscles, fascia, or tendons of the hip can be caused by a traumatic injury or overuse of the hip joint. Traumatic injuries may occur during sporting activities or motor vehicle accidents, while overuse injuries can occur due to repetitive activities.
Diagnosis of a strain or sprain of the hip can be made through a physical examination by a healthcare provider. A patient’s medical history will be taken and diagnostic imaging, such as X-rays, may be ordered to rule out other possible causes of the pain.
Differential diagnosis will include other causes of hip pain, such as hip bursitis, labral tears, and osteoarthritis.
Treatment for a strain or sprain of the hip may include rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed for pain relief, and physical therapy may be recommended to strengthen the muscles and help restore range of motion.
Prognosis for a strain or sprain of the hip is generally good if treatment is started early and the patient follows recommended treatment plans. With proper treatment, full recovery is usually possible.