Injury of the adductor muscle, fascia and tendon of the thigh can occur due to a variety of causes, such as direct trauma, overuse, and muscle imbalances. It can also be caused by excessive stretching of the adductor muscles, forceful muscle contraction, or a sudden change in direction while running or jumping.
Diagnosis is typically made through a physical exam, including palpation of the affected area, range of motion tests, and strength tests. Imaging studies, such as an X-ray, MRI or ultrasound, may be done to confirm the diagnosis and to rule out other possible causes of the pain.
Differential diagnosis of injury to the adductor muscle, fascia and tendon of the thigh may include muscle strains, hamstring strain, hip bursitis, or a hernia.
Treatment typically consists of rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and pain. Physical therapy can help to strengthen the affected muscles and improve flexibility and range of motion. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the torn muscle or tendon.
The prognosis for injury to the adductor muscle, fascia and tendon of the thigh is generally good. Most people are able to return to their previous level of activity after several weeks of treatment. However, if the injury is severe, it may take several months for the person to fully recover.