A fracture of the upper end of the tibia, or proximal tibia fracture, is an injury to the bone in the upper part of the lower leg and is usually caused by a direct blow to the shin or knee, or a fall onto a bent knee.
Diagnosis of a proximal tibia fracture is usually made through physical examination and imaging, such as X-rays and CT scans.
Differential diagnosis includes other lower leg injuries such as a dislocation, ligament tear, or tendinitis.
Treatment for a proximal tibia fracture typically includes immobilization with a splint or cast and physical therapy to restore movement and strength. Surgery is sometimes necessary to repair the fracture or to stabilize the bone.
With proper treatment, the prognosis for a proximal tibia fracture is generally good. However, the risk of complications, such as infection or avascular necrosis, increases with more severe fractures.