A medial malleolus fracture is a fracture of the inner ankle bone. It is usually caused by direct or indirect force to the ankle, such as a fall or a car accident.
A medial malleolus fracture is usually diagnosed based on a physical examination, X-rays, and sometimes a CT scan.
The differential diagnosis for a medial malleolus fracture includes other fractures of the ankle, such as a lateral malleolus fracture, as well as tendon and ligament damage.
Treatment for a medial malleolus fracture typically involves immobilization of the ankle with a cast or splint, followed by physical therapy to restore range of motion and strength. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the fracture.
The prognosis for a medial malleolus fracture is generally good. Most fractures heal well with proper treatment, and most patients make a full recovery.