Injury of cutaneous sensory nerve at lower leg level is often caused by trauma, such as a direct blow to the area, a fall, or an automobile accident. It can also be caused by medical conditions such as diabetes, peripheral neuropathy, and vascular disease.
Diagnosis of an injury of cutaneous sensory nerve at lower leg level can be made by physical examination, nerve conduction studies, electromyography, nerve biopsy, and imaging studies.
Differential diagnosis includes peripheral nerve entrapment, radiculopathy, sciatica, and other neurologic conditions.
Treatment of an injury of cutaneous sensory nerve at lower leg level depends on the underlying cause and may include physical therapy, medications, nerve decompression, nerve grafting, or surgery.
The prognosis of an injury of cutaneous sensory nerve at lower leg level depends on the severity of the injury and the underlying cause. In some cases, the prognosis is good with complete recovery. In other cases, some degree of nerve damage may be permanent.