Injury of the anterior tibial artery is most often due to trauma. It can be caused by a sport-related injury, direct blunt force or a sharp object penetrating the leg.
Diagnosis usually begins with a physical examination of the affected leg, which may reveal swelling, bruising, pain, and decreased sensation. Additionally, imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs can be used to confirm the diagnosis.
It’s important to differentiate this injury from other conditions such as deep vein thrombosis, compartment syndrome, or a fracture.
The treatment for an injury to the anterior tibial artery depends on the extent of the injury. In cases of minor trauma, rest, elevation, and cold compresses can be used to reduce swelling and pain. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the artery.
The prognosis for an injury of the anterior tibial artery depends on the extent of the injury and how quickly treatment is sought. In general, if the injury is treated quickly and properly, the prognosis is good.