Other specified injury of anterior tibial artery is caused by blunt trauma to the lower leg, such as a motor vehicle accident, a fall, or a direct blow.
Diagnosis is based on medical history and physical examination. The patient may complain of a sudden, sharp pain in the lower leg, swelling, and discoloration of the skin over the affected area. The physician may order an ultrasound or MRI to confirm the diagnosis.
Other causes of pain and swelling in the lower leg include fractures, sprains, and deep vein thrombosis.
Treatment depends on the severity of the injury. Mild cases may only require rest and elevation of the affected leg. More severe injuries may require surgical repair of the artery or amputation of the affected limb.
The prognosis for other specified injury of anterior tibial artery depends on the severity of the injury and the promptness of treatment. If treated promptly, the patient has a good chance of a full recovery. However, if the injury is severe, amputation may be necessary.