Injury of the Achilles tendon is typically caused by a sudden increase in activity or intensity of activity. This type of injury is common in athletes and those who are physically active. It can also be caused by repetitive strain or direct trauma to the tendon.
Achilles tendon injuries are often diagnosed through imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans. Physical examination of the affected area may also be performed to assess the extent of the injury and to look for any signs of inflammation.
Differential diagnoses of an Achilles tendon injury include tendonitis, bursitis, and tendinopathy.
Treatment for an Achilles tendon injury depends on the severity of the injury. Non-surgical options may include rest, icing the area, taking anti-inflammatory medications, using a brace or splint, and physical therapy. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or reconstruct the tendon.
The prognosis for an Achilles tendon injury depends on the severity of the injury and the type of treatment received. In general, most people who receive appropriate treatment and follow their physician’s instructions can recover from an Achilles tendon injury with few lasting effects.