Traumatic amputation is a result of a traumatic event such as an automobile accident, gunshot wound, or crushing injury.
Diagnosis of traumatic amputation is based on physical examination and imaging studies. The degree of amputation can be determined by the location of the injury, the amount of tissue damage, and the presence or absence of vascular or nerve involvement.
Differential diagnosis includes crush injuries, lacerations, fractures, and avulsions.
Treatment of traumatic amputation depends on the extent of the injury. Generally, the goal of treatment is to control bleeding, prevent infection, and preserve the remaining limb. This may include wound debridement, amputation, and reconstruction.
Prognosis is dependent on the extent of the injury, the amount of tissue damage, and the presence or absence of vascular or nerve involvement. Generally, individuals with traumatic amputation require long-term rehabilitation and may experience functional limitations, chronic pain, and psychological distress.