Traumatic amputation of the lower leg is caused by a traumatic event such as a motor vehicle accident, a fall, or a crush injury that causes severe injury to the tissues of the lower leg.
Diagnosis of traumatic amputation of the lower leg is based on physical examination, imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRI studies, and lab tests such as complete blood count and serum electrolytes.
Differential diagnosis for traumatic amputation of the lower leg includes traumatic laceration, crushing injury, fracture, and compartment syndrome.
Treatment of traumatic amputation of the lower leg involves stabilizing the patient, controlling any associated bleeding, surgical debridement and closure of the wound, and amputation of the affected limb. Prosthetic fitting and rehabilitation may also be necessary.
Prognosis of traumatic amputation of the lower leg is dependent on the severity of the injury, the patient’s medical status, and the patient’s response to treatment. Prognosis is generally good with appropriate treatment, but long-term rehabilitation may be necessary.