Dislocation of interphalangeal joints of lesser toe is caused by a direct blow or force to the toe, acute trauma, chronic stress, or even arthritic changes in the joint.
Diagnosis is usually made based on the patient’s history, physical examination, and imaging. A thorough physical examination will reveal swelling, tenderness, and misalignment of the joint. Imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs may be ordered to confirm the diagnosis.
Differential diagnosis of dislocation of interphalangeal joints of lesser toe includes sprains, strains, fractures, and other joint dislocations.
Treatment of dislocation of interphalangeal joints of lesser toe includes reduction of the joint, splinting, and immobilization. Depending on the severity, surgical intervention may be necessary to repair any associated ligament damage.
Prognosis is generally good with appropriate treatment. If the joint is reduced and immobilized, the patient should recover full range of motion and strength. If surgical repair is necessary, recovery may take several months.